NEMBA National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act No. 10 of 2004

Invasive Alien Plants (IAPs) are widely considered as a major threat to biodiversity, human livehoods and economic development. IAPs cost South Africans tens of billions of rand annually in lost agricultural productivity and resources spent on management.
Invasive species requiring compulsory control. Remove and destroy. Any specimens of Category 1a listed species need, by law, to be eradicated from the environment. No permits will be issued to keep these species.

HLEM Tickseed coreopsis lanceolata NEMBA Category 1a prohibited alien invasive plant

Tickseed Coreopsis lanceolata NEMBA Category 1a prohibited alien invasive plant

Category 1b:
Invasive species requiring compulsory control as part of an invasive species control programme. Remove and destroy. These plants are deemed to have such a high invasive potential that infestations can qualify to be placed under a government sponsored invasive species management programme. No permits will be issued to keep these species.

HLEM senna pendula alien invasive plant

Climbing cassia Senna pendula NEMBA Cat 1b alien invasive plant

Category 2:
Invasive species regulated by area. A demarcation permit is required to import, possess, grow, breed, move, sell, buy or accept as a gift any plants listed as Category 2 plants. No permits will be issued for Cat 2 plants to exist in riparian zones.

Category 3:
Invasive species regulated by activity. An individual plant permit is required to undertake any of the following restricted activities (import, possess, grow, breed, move, sell, buy or accept as a gift) involving a Category 3 species. No permits will be issued for Cat 3 plants to exist in riparian zones.

HLEM guava Psidium guajava flower NEMBA Category 3 alien invasive plant

Guava Psidium guajava flower NEMBA Category 3 alien invasive plant

Regulations in regard the selling of property

According to Section 29 of the regulations, if a land owner sells a property where a specimen of a listed invasive species is present, the seller needs to disclose the presence of these plants to the purchaser prior to conclusion of the sales agreement.

Non-compliance can result in a criminal offence

NEMBA legislates for the management of alien species including extra-limital indigenous species by prohibiting a wide range of restricted activities, unless the species is exempted by the Minister or the activity is authorized by a permit. The penalties for noncompliance are severe and could result in a fine of up to R 10 million or up to ten years’ imprisonment or both.

Below is a list of and links to the most commonly encountered NEMBA Clasified invasive plant species found in the greater Durban area


Category 1a

HLEM Coreopsis lanceolata tickseed  icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Coreopsis lanceolata


  Tickseed
HLEM triplaris americana ant tree icon Nemba category 1 invasive alien plant South Africa

 
Triplaris americana

 
Ant tree

Category 1b

HLEM acacia podalyriifolia, pearl acacia queensland silver acacia  icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Acacia podalyriifolia

Pearl Acacia
HLEM ageratum_houstonianum  icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 
Ageratum houstonianum

Ageratum
HLEM albizia_lebbeck  icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Albizia lebbeck


Lebbeck Tree
HLEM albizia_procera  icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban KZN South Africa

 Albizia procera

False Lebbeck Tree
HLEM anredera_cordifolia madeira vine   icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

  Anredera cordifolia


Madeira Vine
HLEM argemone_mexicana mexican yellow poppy  icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 
Argemone mexicana


Yellow Mexican Poppy
HLEM Argemone ochroleuca  white mexican poppy  icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

  Argemone ochroleuca

White Mexican Poppy
HLEM arundo donax giant reed  icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Arundo donax


Giant reed
Orchid tree Bauhinia purpurea  is a NEMBA category 1b invasive alien, HLEM Hlengiwe Luthuli Environmental Management (Pty) Ltd Durban KZN South Africa

 Bauhinia purpurea

Orchid Tree
Orchid tree Bauhinia variegata  is a NEMBA category 1b invasive alien, HLEM Hlengiwe Luthuli Environmental Management (Pty) Ltd Durban KZN South Africa

 Bauhinia variegata

Orchid Tree
HLEM bryophyllum_delagoense chandelier plant  icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 
Bryophyllum delagoense


Chandelier plant
HLEM bryophyllum pinnatum cathederal bells  icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 
Bryophyllum pinnatum


Cathedral bells
HLEM caesalpinia decapetala  icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Caesalpinia decapetala


Mauritius thorn
HLEM callistemon viminalis wheeping bottle brush flower icon NEMBA cat 1b alien invasive weed control durban

 Callistemon viminalis


Weeping bottlebrush
HLEM canna indica indian shot  icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Canna indica


Indian shot
HLEM cardiospermum grandiflorum ballon vine  icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Cardiospermum grandiflorum

Balloon vine
HLEM catharanthus roseus madagascar periwinkle icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Catharanthus roseus


Madagascar periwinkle
HLEM inkberry cestrum laevigatum icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Cestrum laevigatum


Inkberry
HLEM chromolaena odorata triffid weed icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 
Chromolaena odorata


Triffid Weed
HLEM cirsium vulgare scotch thistle icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Cirsium vulgare


Scotch thistle
HLEM convolvulus arvensis field bindweed icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Convolvulus arvensis


Field bindweed
HLEM cuscuta_campestris common dodder icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Cuscuta campestris


Common dodder
HLEM datura stramonium common thorn apple icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Datura stramonium


Common thorn apple
HLEM Cat's claw creeper Dolichandra unguis-cati icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa
 
 Dolichandra unguis-cati

Cat's claw creeper
HLEM eucalyptus grandis saligna gum icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Eucalyptus grandis


Saligna
HLEM eugenia uniflora surinam cherry icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Eugenia uniflora


Surinam cherry
HLEM furcraea foetida mauritian hemp icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Furcraea foetida


Mauritian hemp
HLEM moon flower ipomoea alba icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Ipomoea alba


Moonflower
HLEM ipomoea_indica morning glory icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Ipomoea indica


Morning glory
HLEM ipomoea_purpurea common morning glory icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Ipomoea purpurea


Common morning glory
HLEM lantana_camara icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 
Lantana camara


Lantana
HLEM leucaena leucocephala icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Leucaena leucocephala


Leucaena
HLEM litsea glutinosa indian laurel icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Litsea glutinosa


Indian laurel
Prickly malvastrum, Malvastrum coromandelianum  is a NEMBA category 1b invasive alien, HLEM Hlengiwe Luthuli Environmental Management (Pty) Ltd Durban KZN South Africa

 Malvastrum coromandelianum

Prickly Malvastrum
HLEM melia azadarach syringa icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Melia azedarach


Syringa
Four o`clock, Mirabilis jalapa is a NEMBA category 1b invasive alien, HLEM Hlengiwe Luthuli Environmental Management (Pty) Ltd Durban KZN South Africa

 Mirabilis jalapa

Four o`clock
Tree Daisy Montanoa hibiscifolia is a NEMBA category 1b invasive alien, HLEM Hlengiwe Luthuli Environmental Management (Pty) Ltd Durban KZN South Africa

 Montanoa hibiscifolia

Tree Daisy
HLEM murraya paniculata orange jessamine icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Murraya paniculata


Orange Jessamine
HLEM nephrolepis cordifolia sword fern icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 
Nephrolepis cordifolia


Erect sword fern
HLEM nicandra_physalodes apple of peru icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 
Nicandra physalodes


Apple-of-Peru
HLEM prickly pear cactus opuntia_monacantha icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Opuntia monacantha


Prickly pear
HLEM parthenium_hysterophorus famine weed icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 
Parthenium hysterophorus


Famine weed
HLEM passiflora suberosa devils pumpkin icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 
Passiflora suberosa


Devils pumpkin
HLEM granadina passiflora_subpeltata icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Passiflora subpeltata


Granadina
HLEM pennisetum setaceum fountain grass icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Pennisetum setaceum


Fountain grass
Barbados gooseberry Pereskia aculeata icon NEMBA category 1 a invasive alien plant Durban KZN South Africant

 Pereskia aculeata

Barbados gooseberry
HLEM psidium durbanensis Durban guava icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Psidium durbanensis


Durban Guava
HLEM ricinus communis castor oil plant icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Ricinus communis


Castor-oil plant
HLEM rivina humilis blood berry icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Rivina humilis


Bloodberry
HLEM schefflera_actinophylla umbrella tree icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Schefflera actinophylla


Umbrella tree
HLEM schinus terebinthifolia Brazilian pepper tree icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Schinus terebinthifolius


Brazilian pepper tree
HLEM Senna_didymobotrya peanut butter cassia icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Senna didymobotrya


Peanut butter cassia
HLEM senna hirsuta hairy cassia icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Senna hirsuta


Hairy senna
HLEM stinking senna senna occidentalis icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Senna occidentalis


Stinking Senna
HLEM senna pendula climbing cassia icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Senna pendula


Climbing cassia
HLEM arsenic bush senna septemtrionalis icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Senna septemtrionalis


Smooth senna
HLEM Red sesbania Sesbania punicea icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

Sesbania punicea


Red sesbania
HLEM solanum_mauritianum bug weed icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Solanum mauritianum


Bugweed
HLEM solanum pseudocapsium jerusalem cherry icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Solanum pseudocapsium


Jerusalem cherry
HLEM solanum_seaforthianum potato creeper icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Solanum seaforthianum


Potato creeper
HLEM sphagneticola trilobata wedelia singapore daisy icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Sphagneticola trilobata


Singapore daisy
HLEM syngonium podophyllum arrow head vine icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Syngonium podophyllum


Arrow- head vine
HLEM syzygium cumini jambolan tree icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Syzygium cumini


Jambolan
HLEM tecoman stans yellow bells icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Tecoma stans


Yellow bells
HLEM thevetia peruviana yellow oleander icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Thevetia peruviana


Yellow oleander
HLEM tithonia diversifolia mexican sunflower icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Tithonia diversifolia


Mexican sunflower
tHLEM Tradescantia zebrina Wandering Jew icon NEMBA category 1 a aline invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Tradescantia zebrina

Wandering Jew
HLEM verbena brasiliensis brazlian verbena icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Verbena bonariensis


Tall verbena
HLEM vitex trifolia indian vitex icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Vitex trifolia


Indian three-leaf vitex
HLEM xanthium strumarium large cocklebur icon NEMBA category 1 b alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Xanthium strumarium


Large cocklebur

Category 2

HLEM casuarina cunninghamiana beef wood  icon NEMBA category 2 alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Casuarina cunninghamiana


Beefwood
HLEM Dragon fruit Hylocereus undatus NEMBA category 2 alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Hylocereus undatus


Dragon fruit



Category 3

HLEM Shell Ginger Alpinia zerumbet icon NEMBA category 3 alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa
 
 Alpinia zerumbet

 Shell Ginger
HLEM morus alba common mulberry icon NEMBA category 3 alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Morus alba


Common mulberry
HLEM Psidium guajava guava icon NEMBA category 3 alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Psidium guajava


Guava
HLEM schefflera arboricola dwarf umbrella tree icon NEMBA category 3 alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Schefflera arboricola


Dwarf umbrella tree
Blue snakeweed, Stachytarpheta cayennensis  is a NEMBA category 3 invasive alien, HLEM Hlengiwe Luthuli Environmental Management (Pty) Ltd Durban KZN South Africa

 Stachytarpheta cayennensis

Blue Snakeweed
Pink snakeweed, Stachytarpheta mutabilis  is a NEMBA category 3 invasive alien, HLEM Hlengiwe Luthuli Environmental Management (Pty) Ltd Durban KZN South Africa

  Stachytarpheta mutabilis

Pink snakeweed
HLEM rosewood tree tipuana_tipu icon NEMBA category 3 alien invasive alien plant Durban South Africa

 Tipuana tipu


Rosewood Tree



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This page was  created on 24.05.2017
This page was last updated on 12.01.2018